Draw a cell nucleus label and give the function of the following structures

Students draw and label cells. Cell wall. It does have additional structures, a rigid cell wall, central vacuole, plasmodesmata, and chloroplasts. cytoplasm. Mitochondria. Cell Organelles and Functions. Make a video about the cell structures (perhaps a video of a skit you write and get performed by friends). The significant differences between plant and animal cells are also shown, and the diagrams are followed by more in-depth information. Label the following items: A. Extending from the opposite side of the cell body is the long tubular extension called the axon. 1. Nucleus b. Choose from lysosomes, rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), golgi body, nucleus, mitochondria, smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) cytoskeleton, extracellular matrix (ECM), ribosomes, nucleolus and cell membrane. Include the following labels for each epithelial tissue within your histology atlas: (You may use a pencil to label any drawings). shape and function of the donor cell. Gather research books and materials, as well as paper, markers, and scissors. 20. centrosome (also called the "microtubule organizing center") is a small body located near the nucleus. Both plant and animal cells have a nucleus. The cell membrane is the outer coating of the cell and contains the cytoplasm, substances within it and the organelle. Most cells contain DNA but bacterial cells do not have a nucleus as the DNA is simply found in the cytoplasm. X. Include cell wall, plasma membrane, pili, flagella, nucleoid (naked DNA), ribosomes and a scale bar. CELL STRUCTURE . (From the root penta–, meaning 5. 12. Plant cells have an additional layer surrounding them called the cell wall. On the plant cell, look at the similarities and differences. Label the phospholipids, hydrophilic & hydrophobic portions and 2 types of membrane proteins. Distribute handout and explain organization. These structures characterize a generalized plant cell. Label Figure 2. Give the functions of the following : Name the different parts of the nucleus and give the function of each part. Basic Aspects of Cell Structure and Function. 33) (10 pts. Functions of the cell nucleus: The cell nucleus controls the activity of the cell by regulating protein synthesis within the cell. This is the end of the preview. In the boxes below, draw and label the general structure of a plant cell and an animal cell (level 3). ) Draw and label a prokaryotic cell correctly showing the location of the following structures: chromosome, ribosome, plasma membrane, cell wall, capsule, flagella, cytoplasm, fimbriae, nucleoid region. The diagram of chromosome structure above shows how DNA is organized in a eukaryotic cell. 4 Plasma Membrane Structure & Function pages 81 - 82 31. Chloroplast c. Put a box around the 3 structures found in plant cells but not in animal cells. Both the protons and neutrons reside in the nucleus. Draw and label the following parts on a sarcomere: Z lines, A band, I band. The main portion of the cell is called the soma or cell body . 17. Chloroplasts are visible at this magnification. So, a human cell is enclosed by a cell, or plasma, membrane. 2) Label the following organelles and color them appropriately (use colors from chart below): Nucleus, plasma membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, vacuoles, chloroplast, ribosome. Unit 8 (Plants) Review 1. The following are examples of structures and organelles that can be found in typical animal cells: Cell (Plasma) Membrane - thin, semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell, enclosing its contents. 2. The cell's structure impacts its own function and the function of the tissues that it makes up. Levels of Organization of Life metaphase of mitosis. ) Plant cells have this structure that makes up the outside of the cell a. Students will analyze the nature of the relationships between structures and function in living cells. Biology Analogy 2 1. a. Then select different colors for each structure and use them to color the coding circles and the corresponding structures in the illustration. Learners should draw label lines to indicate the cell wall, cytoplasm, nucleus and vacuole. Every protein in your body has a specific shape. What other structures of the cytoskeleton would show the same pattern of 1. The centrosome is In the diagrams of the animal cell and the plant cell, label the structures indicated by the lines. Identify the following organelle and their functions: cytoplasm -holds the organelles and helps to give cell its shape chloroplast -makes food for the plant using sunlight, water and carbon dioxide cell wall -supports and structures the cell (found only in a plant cell) B. Nevertheless, Eukaryotic cells generally have three main components: A cell membrane, a nucleus, and a variety of other organelles. It is the largest organelle in the cell and it contains the DNA of the cell. They have a negative charge (-). Chicken egg d. a tissue. The following diagram depicts the "Cot" curve for a "typical" eukaryotic genome The following table gives the sequence distribution for selected species. All transcription and replication of genetic material takes place within the nucleus, as does RNA processing. Draw a cell nucleus. EVPP 110 Lecture Dr. Explain the role of cell organelles for both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, including the cell membrane, in maintaining homeostasis and cell reproduction. Cytoplasm – V. This layer makes up your cell membranes and is critical to a cell's ability to function. It is slightly larger than the chloroplasts. The genetic material of the organism is present in the cell. 2) Draw a cell and label it’s parts Cell Basics Smallest Unit of Living Things Organisms can be Unicellular only one cell Multicellular made of Sketch a "typical" cell (of course there really is no one "typical" cell!) and label each of the following structures: plasma membrane, nucleus, lysosome, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi, ribosome, mitochondrion. Cell Review. When you think about a membrane, imagine it is like a big plastic bag with some tiny holes. As archivist it contains the genes, consisting of DNA which contains the cell history, the basic information to manufacture all the proteins characteristic of that cell. . Vacuoles. This structure may take up over half of the cell interior. Bio. Cell Nucleus - Cell nucleus is referred to as the control center of the cell. Draw and label a typical prokaryotic cell. Students will draw and animal and plant cell and label it’s parts. • Diagram the function of a gland cell from the production of the hormone to its eventual export from the cell. ribosome C rough ER D smooth ER 2. Draw, Label, AND Give Function for the following organelles of a plant cell: CELL WALL CHLOROPLAST NUCLEUS CYTOPLASM VACUOLE 2. 3. Draw the outline of a cell on board. Draw and label the parts of a corn seed by using the above picture and following word bank to fill in the blanks: endosperm(3n), plumule, epicotyl, radical, hypocotyl, seed coat, cotyledon. The Golgi apparatus or Golgi complex is found in the Cytoplasm it is a flattened, layered sac-like organelle that takes proteins and carbohydrates and modifies and packages them. It is a spherical or oval body that contains the chromosomes . State the function of each of these structures. Carefully draw and label several Elodea cells in the field of view. How many chromosomes would be present in the nucleus of (i) a cell from the gut lining; . On the animal cell, label ALL of the structures shown. If the structure is altered, such as by freezing the water in the cell, the functions of the cell and tissue may be negatively impacted. Show your work in the box below. Learners to draw 5-10 cells. Vacuoles What is the structure (look like) and function of following parts of cell. What process takes place in the rough endoplasmic reticulum? 16. NUCLEUS – houses the chromosomes and is bound by a double membrane. 5: Describe the function of the cell membrane. • Use large poster paper to draw the cell and its organelles. _____X. Observe the thick cell wall, thinner cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, and chloroplasts. Label and show the locations of the following organelles on the diagram of a plant cell below: Cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondria, chloroplast, nucleus, vacuole, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, lysosomes, nuclear membrane, ribosomes, nucleolus. See page 231 of your text for the labeled figure. That bag holds all of the cell pieces and fluids inside the cell and keeps any nasty things outside the cell. c. They are the building blocks of an organism. Complete the table below about plant and animal cells by filling in either 13. 8The Cell - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. the cell wall brown. B. Nucleus: center of cell, circular; the part that houses the cell's genetic material in the form of DNA. You may need to draw some in. Give the function of the following fungi structures: Draw a picture of a plant cell and label the following parts: Cell wall, cell membrane, nucleus, chloroplast, 3) Use your textbook and the Histology Photo Album On-Line to draw each epithelial tissue as listed below. 4. d. Draw what you observe and label underneath the drawing properly. 13. Plasma membrane and mitochondria – c. The nuclear envelope is perforated with tiny holes known as nuclear pores, which were first discovered in the mid-twentieth century. and one euk. Identify the three major cell regions nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell membrane. 1. ! 14. The nucleus contains genetic material or DNA in the form of chromatin, or, during mitosis or late interphase, chromosomes. Make sure you include functions. In the case of the plasma membrane, these compartments are the inside and the outside of the cell. Pili (sing. Nucleolus: Dark, dense area inside nucleus that makes rRNA. Mitochondria: Makes ATP (chemical energy). [Where are proteins made and how are they processed, transported and exported. 5. Using Figure 7-1, give the label letters and full names of the three structures that are found in drawing II but not in drawing I. ppt), PDF File (. Define cell, cell theory, prokaryotic, eukaryotic, nucleus, cytomembrane system, organelle, multinucleate, cytoplasmic streaming, envelope; 2. nucleus d. The Nucleus 1. 3 Differences between human epithelial and onion epidermal cells. Organelles are structures that have specialized functions in eukaryotic cells. One the back of this page, write the function of each structure. All neurons have a cell body known as the soma, which is the command center of the nerve and contains the nucleus of the cell. 22. The replication of DNA, and synthesis of RNA occurs in the nucleus of the cell. ] a. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF LIVING CELLS Objectives After completing this exercise, you will be able to 1. Intracellular membranes. Draw and label the five phases of the cell cycle. Q. The Animal Cell A. The fluid, cytoskeleton, and organelles inside a cell. Obtain a single leaf of Elodea (from the young leaves at the tip) and prepare a wet mount as you did before but without iodine. These viral proteins serve many purposes, such as binding to receptors on the host cell, playing a role in membrane fusion and cell entry, etc. Because prokaryotic cells, by definition, do not have a nucleus, a single large circular strand of DNA containing most of the genes needed for cell growth, survival, and reproduction is found in the cytoplasm. apical surface c. Draw a basic cross section of a portion of a plasma membrane. Describe the role of the Golgi apparatus. Cell wall b. Nucleus and ribosome - b. 3 points. g. cell membrane f. a) In the above situation, which of the objects would function the closest to the DNA in a cell? b) Which of the objects would function the closest amino acids in a cell? c) Which of the objects would function the closest to ribosomes in a cell? Station #4; Rest and Catch up. 02 Structure and function of cell parts. Draw and label the parts of a mitochondrion and chloroplast. Describe the function of chloroplasts and mitochondria in the cell. It also contains virally encoded proteins, often glycoproteins which are trans-membrane proteins. Draw a picture showing the structure of a cell membrane. e. D. Organelles are sub cellular structures that have specialized functions and are located in the cytoplasm. Label one prok. Endoplasmic Reticulum: may be smooth or rough ribbon-like; network of membranes within a the cell. Cell Nucleus. Which structures of the cytoskeleton are found in animal cells but not in plant cells? 12. _____ 11. carbohydrate chain B. Animals cells have the following parts: nucleus, cell membrane, vacuole, and cytoplasm. Briefly describe the function of each part. These cannot be seen very clearly unless the cell is about to divide. Color and label. Obtain a single leaf of Elodea (from the young leaves at the tip) and prepare a wet mount as you did before. Ribosomes. is is an electronmicrograph of the bacterium Salmonella typhi. Composition of Phospholipids Lipids all have one thing in common - they do not mix well with water. It also regulates the activities of the other cellular organelles. Chromatids are long sequences of genetic information in the b. Draw and label the following cell structures, including their infrastructure: chloroplast, mitochondria, nucleus. A cell is divided into 2 parts: 1. Draw a Venn diagram to compare and contrast plant and animal cells. 1 (a) In the space below, draw a sperm cell. Draw a plant and animal cell and label the above organelles: 4. LAB 4 1. Identify the organelles on a cell model or describe them, and indicate the major function for each. The cell wall is made of nonliving material called cellulose. Your body makes many different kinds of proteins. (4 points) a. Plasma Membrane 5 2. The nucleus is the control centre and source of genetic information for the cell. title of the tissue b. 61 Nuclear membrane Golgi apparatus Plasma membrane Mitochondrion Chromatin threads Nucleolus for a eukaryotic cell, by choosing from the following keywords. All neurons are also set up structurally to both send and receive information. THE CELL MEMBRANE 1. Assume your microscope is so good that you can see cell walls, the nucleus, vacuoles, and even chloroplasts in the cells. 14. Differences Human Epithelial Cells Onion Epidermal Cells. Label each of these parts on the diagram. Use the “Cell Identification” worksheet as a quiz on the following day to make sure that students can identify plant and animal cells by removing the key and having students label the parts/structures of the cells or by having students write the functions of each of the structures. glycoprotein E. are the first person to see a plant cell. The holes are there to let some things move in and out of the cell. B1. It is the command center of a eukaryotic cell and is commonly the most prominent organelle in a cell. Biology 211: Exploring Cell Anatomy & Diversity 3 1. Vacuoles 3. 4. The following is a more comprehensive list of the cellular structures (including organelles) that you will find in plant cells. A generalized plant cell type, parenchyma cells are alive at maturity. These ADVENTITOUS ROOTS give rise to a more or less homogeneous system called a FIBROUS ROOT SYSTEM. If the nucleus is somehow removed from the cell (i. – Label the following structures in the cell drawings above: nucleus, cell. Sites of photosynthesis, contain chlorophyll. Elodea Cell (high power) Analysis and Conclusion: What structures organelles are common to plant cells? Give the function and cellular location of the following basic eukaryotic organelles and structures: cell membrane, nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, mitochondria, ribosomes, chloroplasts, vacuoles, and cell walls. Describe the difference between prokaryotes & eukaryotes & give an example of each. splicing of the cell into 2 parts), the cell quickly dies. nucleus; perioxisomes; microfilaments and microtubules; Diagram of the human cell illustrating the different parts of the cell. The nucleus is surrounded by a nuclear membrane. Electrons reside in orbitals around the nucleus. It is a pentose sugar. The organism’s internal structures will be membrane-bound if it is eukaryotic. Nucleus Localized decoupling of the cytoskeleton and cell membrane results in formation of a bleb. Label each of the parts of the cell cycle listed below, and give a brief explanation of what happens in each phase. What Is a Cell Wall? Definition: The cell wall is a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma membrane of the cells of plants, fungi, and bacteria. Mitochondrion b. Nucleus 3 1. Most monosaccharides are some multiple of (CH2O). The . Again, draw the specimens under low and high power. glycolipid D. By doing this lab, I hoped to learn how a cell looked and how it functioned. b. Label the cell membrane, cytoplasm, chromatin, and nucleus. Label and give the function of the following structures: chromatin, nucleolus, and nuclear envelope. lesson 7 - Free download as PDF File (. ) type of organelle has a specific function. Cells: Structure & Function. mitochondrion B. 6. Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis in terms of the steps and end products. D. proteus is a membrane bound organelle which houses most of the cell’s genetic information and controls the actions of the amoeba. Chloroplasts. Station 3. Label each of the numbered organelles. What is the function of a ribosome? 15. Students will practice explaining the function of these organelles. Although most seedless vascular plants are homosporous, Selaginella is hetersporous. Shape (sketch) 1. (b)€€€€ (i)€€€€€ This plant cell also contains chloroplasts, a cell wall and a vacuole. Cell Membrane. Give the functions of the structures that are found in a prokaryotic cell. These pores allows materials The cell body contains the nucleus, which stores the cell's genes; the axon is a long slender cable that carries electrical signals known as action potentials away from the cell body toward other Learn how to draw a cartoon cell, one that's human and based on two simple circles for the cell membrane and nucleus - in this simple step by step science drawing lesson. It contains the regulatory machinery responsible for all the activities inside the cell. Include all cellular organelles and structures involved. wall, and. The basic plant cell has a similar construction to the animal cell, but does not have centrioles, lysosomes, cilia, or flagella. Have students brainstorm cell structures; record on board. Do this for each cell Draw, label, and describe the functions cell wall, nucleus, chromosome, chloroplast, mitochondrion, How do the functions of the cell parts help it function as a . ) All cells have which of the following a. Describe the structural arrangement and function of the membranes associated with each of the following eukaryotic organelles. Lipids (phospholipids) form a bi-layer that Internal Structures of Prokaryotic Cells Plasma Membrane : The cell membrane is a double-layer of phospho lipids with associated proteins and other molecules. Label the following generalized diagrams of typical bacterial, animal and plant cells (assume that the cell membranes are phospholipid bilayers) Compare and contrast the following terms (that is, know the similarities AND differences between the groups of terms): remember a cell part and what function it does in the cell. 54. 1 Summarize the structure and function of organelles in eukaryotic cells: Match these organelles with their functions: a. nucleus, nucleolus, chloroplasts, and vacuole. The endomembrane system consists of a group of membranous subcellular Label the diagram below with the following parts: anal pore, contractile vacuole, cytoplasm, cilia, food vacuole, oral groove, pellicle, large nucleus, small nucleus Blank label diagram of a paramecium. It is the control center for all the activities of the cell. 10. phospholipid 32. Because the cells are irregularly shaped, estimate the diameter of one cell. Topic:’Life’Science’-’Molecules’to’Organisms Membranes 2. peripheral protein I. The cells have a regular shape and each cell has a cell wall. Identify these two organelles: The bacterium, despite its simplicity, contains a well-developed cell structure which is responsible for some of its unique biological structures and pathogenicity. Cell Organelles – Read!. H zone, Myosin myofilaments, crossbridges, action myofilaments, and Titan proteins. Structural Organization of Cells. Cell is the unit of structure and function. The continuity of life arises directly from the growth and division of single cells. Using the following terms, correctly label all cell parts indicated by leader lines in Figure 3. For example, ribose is a 5-carbon sugar with the formula C5H10O5. It is a double-layered membrane composed of proteins and lipids. S5L4. Organelles are the: 2. • The drawing must be large and organelles clearly visible from a distance. The main function of the cell nucleus is to control gene expression and mediate the replication of DNA during the cell cycle. Structures of Eukaryotic Cells and Their Functions . B can be focused using electromagnets. DNA contains all the information that helps cells live, perform their functions and reproduce. cholesterol C. with thousands of pores. That includes the nucleus, mitochondria, and other organelles. A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter long. hydrophobic tail G. Endoplasmic Reticulum: may be smooth or rough ribbon-like; network of membranes within a How to Sketch a Microscope Slide Identifying Cell Structures and Adding Dynamic Elements. Cut and paste a picture of the plant and the animal cell and beside each label listed below, provide the functions of the organelles. organelles 9. Which one of the following cell structures can be seen with a light microscope? A. Figure 2. I. cell, you will find the large, water filled central vacuole. The cell is the basic unit of life. Locate the cell wall and the nucleus. These pores regulate the passage of molecules between the nucleus and cytoplasm, permitting some to pass through the membrane, but not others. 3 Identify the ultra structure and give the function of each of the following cell parts: Cell membrane, mitochondrion, chloroplast, nucleus, nuclear pores, ribosome and DNA 11. Structures of Animal Cells A. Human 2. Label the following structures in one cell: nucleus, cell wall, central vacuole, cytoplasm. This nucleus is absent in prokaryotic cells. CHROMOSOME STRUCTURE 1. Rough and Smooth ER (p. cell’s survival. A. (5 points) a. These chromosomes are made of DNA molecules. Problem 10A: Draw a cell nucleus. Calculate the magnification of the image. Which vertebrates are considered amniotes? (For instance, it is within the cell body that neuronal proteins are synthesized. Visit a cadaver lab with a student that can point out structures that have been dissected. Pili, Fimbriae: These hollow, hairlike structures made of protein allow bacteria to attach to other cells. List four cell structures that were common to both plant and animal cells. To describe the functional divisions of the nervous system, it is important to understand the structure of a neuron. The following diagram of a chloroplast shows the structure of a chloroplast including the main parts - the chloroplast envelope, the stroma, thylakoids, grana, lamella, and also other structures such as starch granules, circular DNA, ribosomes and lipid globules. Nuclear Envelope: Double membrane that surrounds the nucleus and has pores to allow some molecules (like RNA) out of the nucleus. txt) or view presentation slides online. Draw the muscles of the pelvic floor and label them. Largen - Fall 2003. , pilus) are also called fimbriae (sing. Spongy mesophyll cells occur below the one or two layers of palisade cells. Cell nucleus: A cell's information center, the cell nucleus is the most conspicuous organelle found in a eukaryotic cell. Cell Structure. The nucleus is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Topics include cell structure, the cell membrane, the nucleus, cell growth and reproduction and The soma, or cell body, is where the signals from the dendrites are joined and passed on. Nucleus – 2. 7 Exploring Cells LESSON OBJECTIVES FOR THIS LESSON Observe, draw, label, and measure cells based on specific guidelines. A typical neuron has all the parts that any cell would have, and a few specialized structures that set it apart. Focus on the following (in addition to the structures/plastids above): Use a diagram for this o Cell wall o Plasma membrane o Chloroplasts o Vacuole/tonoplast (membrane) o Nucleus o Mitochondria The nucleus contains the DNA of an organism and it is this that instructs the cell what to do and how to do it. In this cell worksheet, students answer 81 questions about the cell including multiple choice, fill in the blank, short answer and matching. Draw and label an animal cell and a plant cell. Remember to draw structures to represent the relative sizes. Describe how the following pairs of organelles function to compartmentalize the cell and move materials through it. CELL . Methylene Blue can be used to stain the cheek cells. Enclosed by that membrane is the cytoplasm (with associated organelles) plus a nucleus. Golgi bodies and vesicles and lysosomes (p. A specific type of cell is being studied by a scientist. On your diagram, label each of the following structures: nucleus, mitochondria , flagellum and acrosome. Label important organelles. The DNA has the instructions for making proteins and other important molecules. Ostridge egg c. Lab Objectives: Draw and label cell organelles observed under a light microscope Show transcribed image text Under high power, draw several elodea cells and label the following: cell wall, cytoplasm. Nucleus. If there is more than one good choice, include all. Give an example. Students will make a foldable of the organelles of both and practice naming them on an unmarked poster. There are two types of extensions: dendrites and axons . Introduce learning object to class. The use of electrons as a source of radiation in the electron microscope allows high resolution to be achieved because electrons: A are negatively charged. Life: Levels of Organization, Cell Structure & Function, Major Processes for Fueling Life’s Activity. Sketch a cell diagram showing the three major cell regions (nucleus, cytoplasm, and plasma membrane). Indicate Draw, color, and label picture of just the organelle C) watch video clips on the cells and add notes to chart (J18) -Interactive cell-it talks and lets you examine up close--click on part and it will give more notes Like all other cellular membranes, the plasma membrane consists of both lipids and proteins. Nucleolus: ball-like mass of fibers and granules in a cell nucleus. Give the functions of the following organelles: nucleus, cell wall, cell membrane, chloroplast, mitochondria, central vacuole,ER, golgi apparatus, and ribosome (can be done on the cell drawings) Describe diffusion, osmosis and facilitated diffusion and give an example of each. The nucleus is almost always near the centre of the cell. The most unique and important structures of a neuron are the long extensions that extend out from the cell body. List the structure of the nucleus, and explain the function of chromatin and nucleoli. The neuron is the more functionally important of the two, in terms of the communicative function of the nervous system. All living things are madeof cells. plasma membrane 2. Late 19th century biologists Removal of a cell nucleus followed by transplantation ‘Something’ in the nucleus is responsible for of the nucleus from a different cell type changed the the phenotype of a cell. The cell is the smallest unit having the properties of life. As you work through the following exercises, try to be constantly relating what you see to the function of roots in anchorage, absorption, and storage. 3) The nucleus contains DNA and protein, usually in a highly dispersed state called chromatin . Explain how cells in multi-celled organisms are similar and different in structure and function to single-celled organisms. Within the nucleus is a smaller structure called the nucleolus, which houses the RNA (ribonucleic acid). Complete the following table to fully describe the various cell parts. Cell structure Location Function External boundary of the cell Confines cell contents; regulates entry and exit of materials Lysosome Scattered throughout the celControll s release of energy from The bacterial cell wall is seen as the light staining region between the fibrils and the dark staining cell interior. The nucleus controls all of the cell’s activities, such as growth and metabolism, using the DNA’s genetic information. The cell is the smallest entity that still retains the characteristics of life. cytoskeleton 8. In the algae and higher plants, it consists mainly of cellulose. Chloroplast function . The nucleus is the "control center" of a eukaryotic cell (i. O Scribd é o maior site social de leitura e publicação do mundo. It is the brain of the cell, and contains the DNA which holds hereditary instructions for things like height, and eye, and hair color. Structure. They will be located near the plasma membrane/cell wall because the large central vacuole is full of water and occupying most of the center of the cell, thus pushing them toward the cell Draw and label a typical prokaryotic cell. Unformatted text preview: 4/22/15 HW Check: Prokaryotes vs. organelles. hydrophilic head F. Function 3. The plasma membrane in prokaryotes performs many of the functions carried out by membranous organelles in eukaryotes. cytoplasm 6. Plant cell Animal cell 2. integral protein H. Label the following structures on your cells: Nucleus. TASK 2 – Animal and plant cells 1. Movement Across the Cell Membrane. Cytosol 1. txt) or read online for free. b) Explain what is happening in the diagram above and use the following terms in your explanation: Red blood cell, bronchioles, alveoli, bronchi, mouth, trachea, oxygen, carbon dioxide, transportation. Explain how the structure of each organelle determines it The nucleus of A. View the human blood cells under high magnification, remembering to use correct procedure for using a microscope. Presenting—dun, dun, DUN—the nucleus: The nucleus stores all the information a cell needs to grow, reproduce, and function. ribosomes Amy Warenda Czura, Ph. the cell membrane tan. A large central vacuole may be apparent. Like the organs in your own body, each one carries out a specific function necessary for the cell to survive. Draw and label the parts of the seed. Draw a typical cell. Include the following structures in your diagrams: cell membrane, cytoplasm, nuclear membrane, nucleus, nucleolus, chromosome / chromatin, mitochondrion, ribosome, chloroplast, Golgi apparatus / body, vacuole, cell wall, rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) , smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER From DNA to Protein Structure and Function: The nucleus of every cell contains chromosomes. Have to label what make up an animal cell in order 1-8 of the following; nucleus, cell membrane, vacuole, cytoplasm, mitochondria, goligi body, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosome??? Not sure where to start. Cytoplasm is the fluid portion of a cell. 15. concentration; up/against the concentration gradient. 6 Onion skin a. plant cells and animal cells - but not bacterial cells, which do not have a membrane-bound cell nucleus). 53) b. On the outside of the nucleus is a membrane, which gives it a rounded or ovoid shape. Use the following as PARTS OF THE EUKARYOTIC CELL The structures that make up a Eukaryotic cell are determined by the specific functions carried out by the cell. 21. Structure 1 and function b. The cell shown in the diagram is usually found with similar cells. What structures were unique to plant cells? (2 points) b. Explain why a seed coat is important for a seed. Explain what happens to the radiant energy during photosynthesis. What is the structure (look like) and function of following parts of cell. The nucleus is the largest structure in a cell and can be seen with the light microscope. Cell – Structure and Function BIOLOGY Notes 4 CELL – STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION INTRODUCTION All organisms are composed of structural and functional units of life called ‘cells’. Each DNA molecule consists of many genes. Let’s start by learning the basic structures found in an animal cell. It houses the cell's chromosomes, and is the place where almost all DNA replication and RNA synthesis (transcription) occur. Learning how to sketch a microscope slide requires an open-mind, patience and a willingness to learn the basic drawing principles of perspective, size, shape and negative space. Draw and label the ultrastructure of a generalized prokaryote. For example, mitochondria makes energy for the cell, and therefore reminds the student of a battery, or the nucleus directs the processes of the cell so it reminds them of a computer. , fimbria). Chapter 7. Table 2. Describe how you feel as you see parts of living things never before seengbyhanother human. Distinguish among the following terms: active transport-Energy (ATP) required to move molecules from low to high. Then, ask them if that function reminds them of anything else that they know. Explain to yourself the location and function of each of the following features of a cell: 1. List five structures observed in the cell images and provide the function of each structure. Eukaryotes • Draw one cell (an oval) on each side of a 3x5 card. 10. Q21: Draw a diagram of Onion peel, as observed under microscope, and label its basic components. Description & Function. Irrespective of the nature of organisms (plant or animal) they are either made up of single cell or many cells, the former are called unicellular and the latter are called multicellular organisms; in the latter, cells are differentiated into various kinds and they are grouped into With a pencil, draw a rectangular outline of a plant cell as a guide for students to judge how large their cell structures need to be. 16. Get a book Starting on page 196 Read about the organelles / structures and answer the questions It would be best to use pencil so you can make changes --- we will go over these Slideshow 3958281 by ludwig Label the nucleus, cell membrane nucleolus (if seen) and cytoplasm. The body of some organisms like bacteria, protozoans and some algae is made up of a single cell while the body of fungi, plants and animals are composed of many cells. By using the the genetic information, proteins can be produced which controls the cell’s functioning. During nuclear division, the DNA (as chromatin) in a Eukaryotic cell's nucleus is coiled into very tight compact structures called chromosomes. They then individually create a plant or animal cell model which communicates their knowledge of the structure and function of each organelle. The main structural differences between plant and animal cells are the additional structures found in plant cells. a) Label the diagram using the following terms: Red blood cell, alveoli, oxygen, carbon dioxide, capillary. Prokaryotes have a nucleoid (nuclear body) rather than an enveloped nucleus and lack membrane-bound cytoplasmic organelles. pdf), Text File (. Insert your responses in the spaces provided under each heading. (4) (b) Explain the function of each of the following structures of a sperm cell. Draw what you observe, including at least one red blood cell and at least one white blood cell. Compare and contrast the examples of a typical Grass and a Brassica (mustard) root system. IV. The nucleus contains nearly all of the cell’s DNA. The number of chromosomes in the cell nucleus varies considerably among different animal and plant species; however, each species has a specific chromo­some number. Sign up to access the rest of the document. This information is contained in long but thin molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. Have them label the cytoplasm and nucleus in one cell of each kind and the cell wall in one Prokaryotic cells, like bacteria, have no 'nucleus', while eukaryotic cells, like those of the human body, do. Understand the relationship between the structures and functions of cells and their organelles. The content of the cell, inside the cell membrane, is composed of numerous membrane-bound organelles, which contribute to the overall function of the cell. The Nucleus is the largest organelle in a cell. Explain WHY each of those 3 structures are required by a plant but not by an animal. Chloroplast d. microvilli 3. 1 Draw and label a diagram to show the structure of membranes. Learning Materials / Resources: Please use textbooks less than 5 years old or most recent edition. Draw a picture of the plasma membrane Exam Review: Biology Answers 1. These are rod-shaped structures made of protein and DNA, which are visible (when stained) only during nuclear division. • Use materials such as: play-dough, string, buttons, pipe cleaners, beads, and yarn to give your Cell Structure and FunctionAbstractThis report is about cell structure and function. List the structures of the nucleus and explain the function of chromatin and nucleoli. cytosol 7. As you observe different types of cells, try to relate the structure of that cell or cell organelle to its function. The nuclear membrane is a double membrane that is dotted . cilia 5. Inside the nucleus there are are structures called chromosomes, which are mostly made of DNA. What process takes place in the rough endoplas-mic reticulum? 16. cytoplasm g. Seeds can lay dormant for many years. What is the role of lysosomes in the cell? Why is this a vital role? 11. 11. Thus, there is no typical Eukaryotic cell. Prepare a wet-mount slide of a water sprite leaf. Protons have a postive (+) charge, neutrons have no charge --they are neutral. They function in storage, photosynthesis, and as the bulk of ground and vascular tissues. Describe how these organelles interact with each other to perform the function of the cell: a. Station #5: Make a sketch of a cell membrane. The nucleus is a large, round/oval structure usually located near the center of the cell. HONORS LEVEL – GENERAL CONTENT • Material presented at or above grade level reading On the animal cell, follow the rules for scientific drawings to create labels for ALL of the structures shown. 54) 4. Create a cell model (a sturdy one!) – label parts and give functions. The soma and the nucleus do not play an active role in the transmission of the neural signal. Write a song or poem or story about the cell structures – include functions. The nucleus is the genetic control center of the cell and the most obvious structure in most cells (Fig 3. some students could explain why the mitochondria and ribosomes  can't be seen using a microscope. Other than the nucleus, which two organelles contain their own DNA? The cell nucleus is a membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information and controls the cell's growth and reproduction. These structures include: chloroplasts, the cell wall, and vacuoles. Label the following on your drawing: centromere chromatid spindle fibre (3) (c) The diploid chromosome number of the fruit fly is 8. 3) Complete the following organelle chart including their function and an analogy for each organelle. The nucleus is the control center of the cell. Cell wall and vacuole d. She notices the cell contains a nucleus, lysosomes, a cell membrane and cell wall. 9. endoplasmic reticulum, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, golgi apparatus, At 400x magnification, the plasma membrane and cell wall will look like a single dark boundary around the cell. What is the function of the cell cycle? 14. , RNA). Each organelle has a specific job or function. Differentiate between the aminiotic eggs found in birds and non-bird reptiles. Ray You will draw, label, and measure the cells, fol- lowing the guidelines for scientific drawings. Each of the small clusters of histones shown is a nucleosome . Plasma membrane. Lesson Summary Cell Organization Eukaryotic cells contain a nucleus and many specialized structures. Nucleus - Derived from the Latin word for "nux", nut, the nucleus is the archivist and the architect of the cell. Have students draw the onion and cheek cells on the What Do Cells Look Like? Resource page. Give the function of each structure labeled on your drawing. All cells are contained by a cell membrane that keeps the pieces inside. Though part of the function of the nucleus is to separate the DNA from the rest of the cell, molecules must still be able to move in and out (e. Give the function of each of the following parts: Cell wall, cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, vacuole and chloroplast 2. - Derived from the Latin word for "nux", nut, the nucleus isthe archivist and the architect of the cell. Find out the function (or main job) each structure has in the cell. 22 SCCC BIO130 Laboratory Notebook but removal of the same volume of cytoplasm did not. Draw the female reproductive system structures and label them. The DNA in Eukaryotic cells is coiled tightly around On the back draw and label all of the setps to protein synthesis. Cell Membrane c. ) The second and third parts are processes — structures that extend away from the cell body. Biology 1 Semester Review 3. Correctly identify your cell as a plant cell or an animal cell. The plant cell wall is composed of cellulose. Draw a cell – label the following parts & give the function of each: a) nucleus b) nucleolus c) mitochondria •Create a metaphorical poster that includes the following organelles. Generally speaking, the function of a process is to be a conduit through which signals flow to or away from the cell body. As archivist it contains the genes, consisting of DNA which contains the cell history, the basic informationto manufacture all the proteins characteristic of that cell. Palisade parenchyma cells are elogated cells located in many leaves just below the epidermal tissue. Proteins channels known as nuclear pores form holes in the nuclear envelope. 6. Draw a ring around the correct answer to complete the sentence. Prokaryotes do not have membrane-bound nucleus. The nucleus, within the cytoplasm, appears as a clear or slightly amber-colored body. flagella 4. Many structural features are unique to bacteria and are not found among archaea or eukaryotes. Use of Learning Object with Handout (~ 15 - 20 minutes) 1. Characteristics of the soma: Draw a picture of an animal cell and a picture of a plant cell. Organelles: 1. Cell wall and chloroplasts - 3. 7 The Nervous System ! draw arrows on the figure to indicate the direction of impulse transmission along the Label the following structures on the diagram. The second portion of the genome to reanneal is the middle repetitive DNA, and the final portion to reanneal is the single copy DNA. Draw an animal cell and label all the structures in the box below Draw a plant cell and label all the structures in the box below . In their groups, have students come to board draw a structure and state the function. The cell membrane is made up of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates. A specialized pilus, the sex pilus, allows the transfer of plasmid DNA from one bacterial cell to another. Endoplasmic reticulum c. Nucleus, cell membrane, ER, Golgi body, Ribosomes, Mitochondria, Lysosome, Cytoplasm, Vacuole, Centrioles. This figure gives some idea of the depth of complexity of a eukaryotic cell . What is the function of the Animal and plant cells have many of the same parts, or structures, but also some that are different. Membrane boundary of cell; regulates cell transport. 1) Fill in the table below using the following key: √ = the cell part should be there but it’s not visible in my slide √√ = I can SEE this cell part in my slide The cell body contains the necessary structures for keeping the neuron functional. Golgi apparatus 13. Give the functions of the following organelles: nucleus, nucleolus, rough . Describe fertilization using the terms haploid, gamete, diploid, and zygote. Note: As an extension activity learners can also do wet mount preparations of cheek cells. 1 - Annotated drawing of a cell membrane. phospholipid bilayer 32. You will do the same type of cell you choose to do when you completed your candy cell: Cell Membrane, Cell Wall, Cytoplasm, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Ribosomes, Golgi Bodies, Chloroplasts, Nuclear Membrane, Mitochondria, Nucleus, RNA, DNA, Nucleolus, 3 structure and_function_of_living_cells 1. The cytoplasm is a jelly-like liquid that contains the chemicals required for the cell to function. A micrometer is one-millionth of a meter long. nucleus cytoskeleton nucleolus cilia mitochondrion flagellum Golgi apparatus lysosome ribosome vacuole endoplasmic reticulum * Check with me about other nuclear envelope EC structures 2. What structures were unique to animal cells? (2 points) 2. Bacteria may have the following appendages. The fundamental structure of the membrane is the phospholipid bilayer, which forms a stable barrier between two aqueous compartments. Make sure that you include the following terms in your draing: DNA, nucleus, mRNA, transcription, nuclear pore, nuclear membrane, cyto … read more CELL CITY INTRODUCTION! Floating around in the cytoplasm are small structures called . It is the control center for a cell. Plants cells have the following parts: nucleus, cell wall, cell membrane, vacuole, chloroplasts, and cytoplasm. a system. Note some obvious differences between the human cheek cells and the onion cells, and list them in Table 2. Explore the structure of a plant cell with our three-dimensional graphics. This envelope is made up of a lipid bilayer, and is comprised of host-cell lipids. It is essentially the “bag” that holds all of the intracellular material and regulates the movement of materials into and out of the cell. You also will compare the structures of the cells and discuss whether their structures are suited to their functions. The more able students should be able to use a graticule to calculate the real size of the cheek cell and explain how the graticule is used. Cytoplasm d. Each gene carries coded information for how to make one type of protein. Now, read "Seeing the First Cells" on page 9 of your tex bok and mi hpg rf R The nucleus controls all the activities of the cell. , H = 1. State the function of each of the labeled parts. In eukaryotic cells, chloroplasts are the site of photosynthesis, and mitochondria are the site of aerobic cellular respiration. Draw and label a plant and animal cell. In animal cells, the mitochondria produces the majority of the cells energy from food. Label the following parts of the cell in the diagrams below and state the function of each C Chromatin Cell membrane Organelle Function Cell membrane Separates the inside of the cell from the external environment and controls the flow of materials in The nucleus is known as the control centre of the cell. It is the number of protons that determines the atomic number, e. The nucleus in the cell is analogous to the brain in the body. It contains the nucleus , which in turn contains the genetic material in the form of chromosomes. Indicate the ploidy level of each labeled structure. Define cell, organelle, and inclusion. (3) (ii)€€€€ Give the function of these parts of a plant cell. Other than the nucleus, which two organelles contain their own DNA? 18. Inside its fully enclosed nuclear membrane, it contains the majority of the cell's genetic material. Eukaryotic Cell Envelope & External Structures Cell Wall: The cells of plants, algae and fungi have thick, protective cell walls, which provide support, help maintain the shape of the cell, and prevent the cell from taking in too much fresh water and bursting. yellowish-brown color of each cell’s nucleus is from the iodine you used to stain the cells and make their parts visible. What is the correct classification of this cell? Explain each of their uses in the membrane. an organ. Nucleus: Contains DNA and control's the cell's activity. Draw an amniotic egg, label and describe the function of the chorion, albumen, allantois, yolk sac and amnion. The Golgi apparatus is a system of membranes working close with the endoplasmic reticulum it modifies the proteins and carbohydrates. basement membrane e. Proteins within a cell have many functions, including building cellular structures and serving as enzyme catalysts for cellular chemical reactions that give cells their specific characteristics. Cell membranes allow The nucleus consists of the following main parts: (1) Nucleolemma or nuclear membrane (karyotheca) (2) Nuclear sap or karyolymph or nucleoplasm (3) Chromatin network or fibres (4) Nucleolus (5) Endosomes. • If a type of cell can have or always has a structure, do b. Cell division in progress is indicated by the new septum formed between the two cells and by the indentation of the cell wall near the cell equator. Identify parts of a plant cell (membrane, wall, cytoplasm, nucleus, chloroplasts) and of an animal cell (membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus) and determine the function of the parts. Cell, or Plasma, membrane - encloses every human cell Nucleus function: This is the key organelle which has the genetic material and is involved in multiplication of cell, growth and maintenance of cell. Instead, these two structures serve to maintain the cell and keep the neuron functional. 2 Explain how the hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties of phospholipids help to maintain the structure of cell membranes. 28. Because the chromatin is highly condensed during cell division, the chromo­somes are easily seen and described by light micros­copy. Draw and label sporophylls, micro and megasporangia, and micro and megaspores. The three main types of RNA directly involved in protein synthesis are messenger RNA (mRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA), and transfer RNA (tRNA). • Know and be able to locate the general parts (organelles) and structures of/in the plant cell, and what their major function/composition are. There is generally only one nucleus in a cell. The nucleus controls the development and activity of the cell. After researching cell organelles, students collaboratively compare and contrast the structures in a plant and an animal cell. This animation by Nucleus shows you the function of plant and animal cells for middle school and high school biology, including organelles like the nucleus, nucleolus, DNA (chromosomes), ribosomes The most important structures of plant and animal cells are shown in the diagrams below, which provide a clear illustration of how much these cells have in common. Label the parts of the microscope and state the function of each 2. Buscar Buscar • Draw and label a bacterial cell and discuss what distinguishes it as a eukaryote. It contains a dense structure called the Nucleolus and is surrounded by the Nuclear Envelope , a structure composed of two membranes, seperated by fluid, which contain a number of nuclear pores that can allow relatively large molecules through. They should draw their observations and label the nucleus, cell membrane and cytoplasm. Chromatin -> Package DNA, strengthen DNA, and controls gene expression in DNA replication. Draw a diagram of an animal cell and label the following organelles and list their function